Norway Cryptocurrency Laws Regulation of Digital Currencies: Cryptocurrency, Bitcoins, Blockchain Technology
Since 2018, Norway’s Central Bank has not recognized cryptocurrency as a legal tender, but regulations for money service businesses dealing in crypto and crypto wallet providers are in place. Norway’s Finance Department issued the Regulation on Money Laundering, specifically targeting cryptocurrency business, effective October 15, 2018. The regulation requires platforms facilitating crypto trades, exchanging crypto and fiat currencies, and storing cryptocurrency, to register with Norway’s Financial Supervisory Authority (FSA) and implement anti-money laundering procedures under the Money Laundering Act. Individuals buying and selling crypto are exempt from AML compliance procedures.The sale of cryptocurrency is not subject to value-added tax (VAT), but is subject to Capital Property Income tax and “other tax” procedures. Capital gains are not automatically reported by Norway’s Tax Administration and should be reported as “Tax value of other securities” on Norway’s tax return for individuals who realized gains, while miners need to report capital gains from mining under Norway’s “Other income” section on the tax form ICO’s are analyzed on a case by case basis to determine VAT liability, and businesses selling power for mining operations are subject to VAT.
P.S. Insights on Cryptocurrency Legal Issues
Most jurisdictions and authorities have yet to enact laws governing cryptocurrencies, meaning that, for most countries, the legality of crypto mining remains unclear.
Under the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN), crypto miners are considered money transmitters, so they may be subject to the laws that govern that activity. In Israel, for instance, crypto mining is treated as a business and is subject to corporate income tax. In India and elsewhere, regulatory uncertainty persists, although Canada and the United States are relatively friendly to crypto mining.
However, apart from jurisdictions that have specifically banned cryptocurrency-related activities, very few countries prohibit crypto mining.
Our Freeman Law Cryptocurrency Law Resource page provides a summary of the legal status of cryptocurrency for each country across the globe with statutory or regulatory provisions governing cryptocurrency. The globe below provides links to country-by-country summaries:
 Skatteetaten.no, Tax and VAT Relating to Bitcoin and Other Virtual Currencies, https://www.skatteetaten.no/en/business-and-organisation/reporting-and-industries/industries-special-regulations/internet/tax-and-vat-on-virtual-currencies/.