Criminal Conspiracy

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Jason B. Freeman

Jason B. Freeman

Managing Member


Mr. Freeman is the founding member of Freeman Law, PLLC. He is a dual-credentialed attorney-CPA, author, law professor, and trial attorney.

Mr. Freeman has been named by Chambers & Partners as among the leading tax and litigation attorneys in the United States and to U.S. News and World Report’s Best Lawyers in America list. He is a former recipient of the American Bar Association’s “On the Rise – Top 40 Young Lawyers” in America award. Mr. Freeman was named the “Leading Tax Controversy Litigation Attorney of the Year” for the State of Texas for 2019 and 2020 by AI.

Mr. Freeman has been recognized multiple times by D Magazine, a D Magazine Partner service, as one of the Best Lawyers in Dallas, and as a Super Lawyer by Super Lawyers, a Thomson Reuters service. He has previously been recognized by Super Lawyers as a Top 100 Up-And-Coming Attorney in Texas.

Mr. Freeman currently serves as the chairman of the Texas Society of CPAs (TXCPA). He is a former chairman of the Dallas Society of CPAs (TXCPA-Dallas). Mr. Freeman also served multiple terms as the President of the North Texas chapter of the American Academy of Attorney-CPAs. He has been previously recognized as the Young CPA of the Year in the State of Texas (an award given to only one CPA in the state of Texas under 40).

What Is a Conspiracy?

A criminal conspiracy is an agreement between two or more people to commit a crime, followed by the commission of an overt act in furtherance of that crime. Conspiracy is a common charge in the context of white-collar crimes.

The charge of conspiracy is separate from the underlying crime. Because conspiracy is the crime of forming a criminal agreement, it does not merge with the actual offense and a defendant need not actually commit the substantive crime to be charged with conspiracy.

In order to be found guilty of conspiracy, a defendant must knowingly and voluntarily enter into the criminal agreement with the intention of completing the underlying crime. Therefore, a person who unknowingly helps a group commit a crime has not, thereby, engaged in a criminal conspiracy. Once an agreement has been entered into, however, if any member then commits an overt act in furtherance of the underlying crime, all members can be guilty of criminal conspiracy.

What Is an Overt Act?

An overt act is any action taken by any member of the conspiracy with the goal of furthering or completing the substantive crime. The overt act does not have to be illegal itself. In fact, most overt acts are innocuous legal actions such as opening a bank account, researching online, or engaging in a telephone conversation. Notably, only a single overt act needs to be proven, and therefore conspiracy cases rarely fail due to the lack of an overt act.

Withdrawal from a Conspiracy

Defendants can be liable for an array of crimes committed by co-conspirators during the commission of the conspiracy. To sever the liability, a defendant can withdraw from a conspiracy before its completion. In order to withdraw, a defendant must (1) affirmatively communicate his or her withdrawal to any co-conspirators and (2) take steps in opposition to the completion of the conspiracy objective.

Penalties for Conspiracy

The penalty for a conspiracy charge can be equal to the penalty for the underlying crime. Additionally, defendants can be found guilty of the substantive crime itself, as well as for other crimes committed by co-conspirators during the completion of the conspiracy.


White Collar Defense Attorneys

Our attorneys at Freeman Law are familiar with conspiracy charges and defenses to conspiracy. We employ a proactive approach to defend vigorously and strategically position our clients. White-collar matters often involve parallel regulatory and civil proceedings. Freeman Law can navigate the complexities and collateral consequences of multiple proceedings. And when it comes to the court of public opinion, we employ ethical and strategic tactics to manage publicity. Schedule a consultation or call (214) 984-3000 to discuss your allegations and investigations concerns.